By: Luthfi Karimata Q
Mentor: Fiky Firmansyah
According to Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), dance is rhytmic body movements usually accompaned by special sounds. Acording to Bambang statement dance is a form of imaginative statement that is poured through the unity of symbols, motion, space and time. Dance is also defined as an expression of human heart feeling, that is exspressed through rhytmic movements and accompaned by special sounds. Every countries has multiple and diverse dance that are different from the other, which every dance contains philosophical, symbolic, and also relegious values. Many dances around the world, one of the distinctive dances in the world is fan dance. It attract my attention because the unique tool used when was showed. Fan dance is not just owned by one country such as Indonesia, but also owned by South Korea. Although Indonesia and South Korea similarly using fan as their main part of the dance, the story of development, implementation, costume and accessoris are very different. According this fact, it is interesting for me to discuss one of indonesian dances and compare it with one of the Korean fan dance.
From many of fan dance in Indonesia, Pakarena dance from Gowa, South Sulawesi is the distinctive one. Pakarena fan dance is a unique dance because it was born from folklore. According to the myth, Pakarena was born from a story of a farewell with the inhabitants of heaven (Boting Langi) and people of the Earth (Lino). This dance is an expression of the sadness of the Lino people because they were left by the Boting Langi inhabitants who are meritorious for them. Currently, this dance is mostly performed during traditional and entertaiment events. Besides, Pakarena dance is also frequently performed at the cultural events such as the traditional dance show, cultural festival, and promotion tour. In 2007, Pakarena dance represented South Sulawesi and Indonesia on the Jembatar event, Indonesia-Malaysia cultural at Kuala Lumpur Conversation Center (KLCC).
In the Pakarena fan dance performance, the dancers are not allowed to open their eyes very wide, while the movement of the legs should not be raised too high. The movements in this dance delineated the delicate of Gowa women who are faithful, well-bahaved, obedient, and respectful to men particularly to husband. Pakarena dance’s movement is devided into 12 section, which each movement has its special meaning. Every sitting position is a sign of the begining and the end in the Pakarena dance. Clockwise spinning movement represents human life cycle. While the up and down movement represents how human’s wheel of life where people sometimes reached the top and sometimes they dropped. This dance usually lasts for about two hours, where the dancers must also behave politely as the reflection of this dance.
Pakarena’s dance performance is always accompanied by traditional instrument called Gendrong Rinci. Gendrong Rinci is comprises of gendang (traditional drum) and a pair of Puik-Puik (traditional flute). The total of music players is usually around 4-6 persons. Usually, just one person palys the flute and the other play traditional drum to produce the nice sound. Although the dancers dance with the softening movement but the rhythm of the music so fast. However, the fast music describe the explicit personality of young man’s Gowa.
Pakarena dancers costume is a traditional costume from Gowa. It dominated by bright colours, composed of Pahang fabric (hand woven), silk glove from Sulawesi, and the ornaments in the form of necklaces, bracelets in decorative bun, and the most important accessory is a big fans
Whereas, Buchaechum dance is the fan dance which is danced by South Korean women wearing Hanbook, a traditional costume. This dance comes from Korean rituals that happened in anceint time, that were displayed for worshiping gods of Korean Shamanism. This shamanism aims to heal and ask for fortune to the God. Currently, as the country continues to develop, Buchaechum dance is developed and preserved by the government. In its current practice, Buchaechum dance is not only performed in relegius rituals but also performed in cultural events, festival, and guest-welcoming reception. According to Curtis opinion in his book Korean dance: Pure Emotion and Energy, Buchaechum began to show at the world through its appearance at the Summer Olympics in Mexico 1968.
In the Buchaechum performance, the dencers make a wavy movement and a flying butterfly-shaped movement, then making movement that delineates a flower blown by the wind. The essence of the Buchaechum dance movements are the variation of opening and closing movement, as well as making formation from the fan. Buchaechum dance is developing into new kind of movement such as delineating sea wave and blooming flowers.
Buchaechum fan dance uses Korean traditional cloth called Hanbook in its performance. It is a long jacket tied with shirt. This cloth is brightly clored and have a unique pattern. The dancers also use traditional petals and fan that are ussualy hairy at the edges and has poeni flowers painting.
Although Pakarena and Buchaechum use fan as their tool in dancing, Pakarena and Buchaechum have similrities and differences. If the Pakarena dance was born to show the expression of sadness based on myth, Buchaechum dance is shown for praise to God. Whereas both of this dances have the similsrities in the current implementation, such as on the traditional ceremonies and also entertaiment events. Moreover both using their own traditional costume in their appearance.