By: Ulfah Utami
Mentor: Lili Samrotul Karimah
Culture comes from Sanskrit language, that is “buddhayah”. It is plural from buddhi (reason and mind). It means something that one bound with people reason and people mind. As well as English culture is a word from Latin, it is process and perform. And we can give meaning as an earth. Furthemore culture appears because of our way of life that grow among people in a region that relegated from generation to generation. A culture give a big influence for people, it can give an effect from their characteristic, habit, social intercourse, and so on. Therefore we can’t separate cultures from human being, because it has be a bound of their lives.
Indonesia is developing country that still in a grow process but it has many cultures which make Indonesia rich with tradition. There are more than a thousand tradition in Indonesia. There are Sundanesse (ethnic of West Java), Javanesse (ethnic of Central Java), Batak (ethnic of North Sumatra), Betawi (ethnic of Jakarta), Minang (ethnic of West Sumatra), and so on. Moreover every region has different cultures in Indonesia. They have their own characteristic and uniqueness. This article will focus about the differences of traditioan marriage in Java and Sunda.
Java has many cultures, that until now still continue like the way it’s supposed to. For instance in a sacred tradition in a merriage tradition. In that event is identically traditional clothes, namely beskap. And the part of beskap consist of blankon, jarik, and kris. They use blankon on their head, coupled with jarik for the bottom part, in additona kris that is skid for the back part of a groom’s cloth. Furthemore the kris is decorated by jasmine. Thus makes the kris look beautiful. A necklace from jasmine also decorates a neck of a groom. Whereas kebaya is a merriage cloth for a bride. As a rule kebaya has many choice of colours, like black, green, blue, red, purple and brown. On one hand the material of cloth is from bludru. It gives a glamor impression for a bride. They also wear batik for the bottom part. Besides the forhead of the bride is touched up by black paes. To make it more beautiful by hair is deorated with the hair bun, which is arounded by jasmine namely jasmine ronce tibu dodo coupled with cundhuk sisir and cundhuk mentul on the hair bun.
Not only traditional cloth is wear in a merriage tradition, but also a traditional dance for completing this sacred event. The purpose of the dance is for welcoming the guest who comes to a wedding party, that is Merak dance. This dance is the most popular in the land of Java. Furthemore it’s symbolized by the movement of peacock. On the other hand it can be performed by one person or in a group. And the dancer usually use a crown with the shape of peacock’s head. Eventhough this dance is brought by a woman, actually this dance explain about peacock’s action for showing his spell to peahen. It describes an effort of peacock to attract the attention of peahen by showing his beauty and long tail. And this dance is accompanied by gamelan.
Like traditional merriage clothes in Javanesse, Sundanesse also has its own traditional clothes which are different. In Sundanesse, traditional cloth for a groom is a coat, skirt of batik that’s called a dodot, trousers with a same colour with a coat, bendo that is used on his head, and kris that is skid for the back part. A bride uses kebaya as well with a smooth motif and that is decorated by beads. Moreover the material of kebaya is from brokat. And for the bottom part, a bride wears a batik namely kebat dilepe, coupled with belt, shawl and also a necklace. And the head part is decorated by hair bun, but for a make up it just uses a simple make up without any garnish on the forhead. Besides, for welcoming the guest, Sundanesse tradition also uses merak dance. The dancer will wear the colourfull clothes accomadated with the colour of peacock. Like green, yellow, red, purple, and so on. The same as Merak dance in Java, Merak dance in Sunda has an aim to attract the attention of peahen. However this dance is accompanied by gending.
Every region has their own characteristic or tradition. Like the merriage tradition in both Javanesse and Sundanesse. Although they have differences part of merriage tradition, nevertheless they also have similiarity merriage tradition. And for the same merriage tradition, if we look from the traditional clothes, it’s almost same both of them. Like the clothes for a groom. They wear kebaya, but they have differences from the material and from the style for wearing kebaya. Afterward, if we look from the part of make up, Sundanesse is simplier than Javanesse. Likewise from the part of similiarity are from the bottom part of bride and for a groom who wears necklace. Also from the part of welcoming a guest. Indonesia is rich with many tradition. More than a thousand tradition that grow. And this’s make Indonesia famous in foreign.