By: Hifdhy Rizqon Saleh
Mentor: Joni Rollis
Marriage is a marriage ceremony binding ceremony that is celebrated or executed by two people with the intention of formalizing marriage bonds by religious norms, legal norms, and social norms. The wedding ceremony has many variations according to ethnic tradition, religion, culture, and social class. In Indonesia too many traditional marriages that apply from traditional marriage of Java, betawi, minang, etc.
Many also among celebrities who married traditional procedures according to each custom. For example there is one personnel chua “kotak” who married his partner named faisal. And there are among magicians who use traditional marriages, namely demian and sara wijayanto where they use the traditional marriage of Java. Javanese and Betawi traditional marriage is an indonesian culture that indicates the characteristics of cultural diversity in the archipelago but from the two traditional of marriage has differences between the traditional marriage of betawi and Java. There are several differences that have characteristic of Javanese traditional marriage and betawi traditional marriage that we can know if seen from some uniqueness in the ceremony of the wedding.
seserahan, can be interpreted as a symbol that the groom has been able to provide for the birth and inner care in the prospective bride or as a symbol of the men as a form of responsibility to the female family.
The first point to be discussed in the differences in the Javanese and Betawi marriage ceremonies is in terms of sincerity. In the traditional wedding of Java is usually required to bring goods in the form of jarik and kebaya. This is because usually batik is used mostly patterned sidomukti which contain meaning of hope to achieve happiness of birth and mind. In addition to jarik and kebaya, in the traditional of Java pisang raja and fruit jambe sirih is a kind of seserahan must to carry that symbolizes the hope of fertility so that after marriage is expected this couple can have offspring. In contrast to the customary marriage of betawi, in the traditional customs betawi goods that must be brought at the time seserahan is crocodile bread and kudangan., It is meant bread crocodile represents loyalty taking the behavior of crocodiles who are only married once. Kudangan is also an item that must be brought at the moment of seserahan, which is usually shaped like a boat containing staple food and cookware. The philosophy of kudangan must be fulfilled because it involves the wishes of the wife who will have the child of the husband.
Clothes, is also an aspect that can make a distinction between marriages that use indigenous Betawi and Javanese traditionals.
The second point discussed in the differences in Javanese and Betawi wedding ceremonies is in terms of usage. In terms of Javanese traditional clothing using dodotan or kemben clothes for the bride and for the bride was not wearing beskap but pants and batik cloth. The use of batik cloth on the clothing there is a symbol of prayer to get a good life and serenity. In contrast to traditional wedding dresses betawi which is a form of acculturation of Arab culture, Malay, and Chinese. For the groom, using a custom clothing called “dandanan care haji” while for the bride wearing a traditional customs dress called “dandanan care none bride cine”.
Music, can also be a part that can make us know what marriage that use Javanese customs and customs Betawi. In the traditional wedding Java has a special musical accompaniment called gending-gending Ngantenan. While different from the traditional marriage wedding accompanied by musicians kambang gambang.
So the traditional marriage and customary marriage marriage has characteristics according to culture, which marriage as a symbolic bonding of marriage promise as a sacred thing. Many also marry using more than one customary marriage to match the culture of the couple. Therefore we as the Indonesian society to preserve traditional marriage as one of the cultural characteristics of each.